I tell myself that perhaps one day, I will create something there…. The Maghrebian graduates whose paths we have studied thus fall within a mindset of space spanning several countries and of perpetual travelling among different spaces which are familiar to them Jamid, There is this international group and, I am really thinking about it, telling myself that at the end of 3 years…. Presses universitaires de France. These countries have developed suitable political and institutional arrangements to encourage their expatriates to return and contribute to industrial and economic growth via their professional ability and technological know-how. Via an examination of the diverse explanations, it reveals the importance that this question holds in the discussions and minds of the interviewees.
Whereas the unskilled male work force of Maghrebian origin has been studied since the first half of the twentieth century Ray, ; Sayad, ; Atouf, , the less numerous studies of the highly qualified and skilled migrants date from the beginning of the twenty-firstcentury. In so doing, they must establish their position within the different contexts, according to their personal values, their aspirations etc. Thus the highly qualified and skilled migrants manage to maintain permanent links with the different environments in which they have evolved, just like their fellow Maghrebian expatriates. So as not to cut their ties with the socio-cultural references of their origin in favor of those where they reside, they employ numerous strategies, aiming to stabilize the different components that they consider to be their identity. Within the framework of a research project conducted between and , over one hundred semi-directive interviews ofMaghrebian student engineers and graduate engineers were carried out. I was contacted by a head hunter….
Un punto di riferimento
Thus the highly qualified and skilled migrants manage to maintain permanent links with the different environments in which they have evolved, just like their fellow Maghrebian expatriates.
If we can assume that they also exist within this specific population, what exactly is their profile? So as not to cut their ties with the socio-cultural references dissettation their origin in favor of those where mondialiswtion reside, they employ numerous strategies, aiming to stabilize the different components that they consider to be their identity.
This article deals with their ways of coping with these conflicts, especially between the native and host countries. Circular cross-border dynamic, Highly skilled Maghrebians, Mobility. Thus their priorities seem to be based on the personal forging a career, personal fulfillment mondislisation family spheres rather than a calling to follow an imposed model.
Vol 41 1 By analyzing the rationaleexpressed by the xes and the graduate and how it evolves we can put forward that we are in the presence of a population of Maghrebian engineers who construct their paths autonomously if we compare them to the previous generation which Journal of Mediterranean Knowledge-JMK,1 152 ISSN: Presses universitaires de France.
UED Pescara – Università Europea del Design di Pescara
In fact, the States seem to have understood the interest this skills mobilization Meyer of their scientific and technical diaspora3 Meyer, could generate, hence a change of direction in the speeches of politicians toward graduates abroad, especially in Tunisia and Morocco4.
Thus they manage to conciliate their multiple belongings within this circulatory trans-border dynamic. They appear to be finally, something eminently personal and unique which is often totally distinct from any considerations linked to the professional activity.
In the same way, when they graduate, the fact of evolving in potentially multiple socio- cultural contexts leads to added complications. Some of them, even openly, consider themselves to be a national without having first started administrative procedures: Les conditions sociales de la promotion universitaire: Thus, the prospects of returning reduce proportionally in relation to the amount of time spent abroad.
Finally, the digital revolution that we are currently experiencing has favored the emergence of new social and communication practices Rigoni, at the same time that it has turned relations with space and borders upside down.
To understand how the career path of these highly qualified and skilled migrants was constructed as well as how they handled their multiple belongings, and to obtain their view of their previous paths, their current situation and their projects, questions with an interactionist perspective were asked.
Iyad Dhaoui | FSEG Sfax –
Mots pluriels, 20, This is an element échange current debate around the subject of bi-nationality in some of the countries concerned does not seem, for all that, to take into account. Since then, whereas part of their education is still accomplished abroad, injunctions to the internationalization of their pathway are gradually replacing those to their return.
What are internnationalisation effects of the distancing from their native, study and host countries on their physical being and sense of identity? A Critical Reading of Research. Thus, in a way, the national borders withheld their career opportunities, which meant that their stays abroad were temporary in nature, and one knew exactly when they would come to an end.
Trajectoires scolaires des Marocains en France et insertion professionnelle au Maroc pp. The students pick up new social practices and adapt those of their native countries. La circulation migratoire, bilan des travaux. They are liable to acquire new and different cultural and social norms. Thus, the questions of settlement of and identification with different lands often end by becoming central in the views of the interviewees.
In order to try to alleviate the stress caused by the question of this multiple belonging, many of them develop reappropriation of space strategies by updating new practices. Revue internationale des sciences sociales, 2 Migrants riches, migrants pauvres et nouvelles villes internationales.
They are faced with numerous questions that they must attempt to answer. This process, far from disappearing, even increases with time in their professional activity, due to the necessity of taking into account the decisions to be made, mostly concerning their family. Despite the diversification of migratory destinations, the people concerned maintain solid ties with their country of origin and weave transnational links with them, and so doing, manage the question of multiple belongings.
I am not speaking about a company, I am speaking about a country.