The web provides access to a wide range of information, but these sources are provided by a range of different individuals and organizations, each with their own messages to communicate, and reasons for making the information available. The headings in the structure can be used to analyze existing documents by making margin comments referring to section of the literature review. Most search engines, whether they search online databases, or the web, have two levels of search options. Why are e-government applications important, and what is their scope? Sample Structure for a Literature Review 1. Conducting a Literature Review Web resources are easy to locate through simple searches in standard search engines. These concepts should be acknowledged with a citation e.
Figure 2 lists a number of questions that can be asked in the process of evaluating web based resources. Conceptual frameworks can be a useful tool in developing an understanding of a subject area. Alternatively, you need to move on to the next stage: Search engines can be used to search web resources and bibliographic databases. Full-text of this article is not available in this e-prints service. Components of the citations listed at the end of the dissertation vary for different kinds of documents, but there are some very precise specifications as to what to include, and how to punctuate such references.
As work progresses it is important to make a note of the documents and other sources that have been read, and, later to translate this bibliography into a list of relevant documents.
Remember to note the sources of ideas, so that loterature sources can be cited later. Such reviews will include a significant bibliography that may be an invaluable source of reference to other work in the area, even if the review does not match a proposed research topic precisely.
Typically in professional disciplines, like information systems, and business and management, there will be both academic and professional literature.
The following typology of search strategies, is useful in prompting an awareness of these different approaches: What do reviews or evaluations of the site say? The literature search helps in the identification and location of relevant documents and other sources.
Loosely structured maps appeal to some researchers, whilst others prefer more structured approaches based on principles such as flowcharts, or hierarchies.
Conducting a Literature Review 4. This article offers support and guidance for students undertaking a literature review as part of their dissertation during an undergraduate or Masters course. These searches are most effective if you use a very precise term e.
Conducting a literature review
This is a relatively easy approach for a newcomer to a topic, or even indeed, research, to use. Who is the intended audience?
Management Research News, 27 6. The literature search helps in the identification and location of relevant documents and other sources.
Rowley Slack 27(6) Conducting a literature review_百度文库
Is a licence or payment necessary for access to the resources? Most universities specify the type of referencing system xonducting be used and the format of citation to be adopted for different types of documents. It can be difficult to evaluate web resources. Rowley, Jennifer and Slack, Frances Conducting a literature review.
Scholarly and research journals may also include review articles that provide a review of all of the recent work in an area. Figure 3 shows an example of such a concept map. Then all of the documents with content relevant to a specific section of the literature review can be gathered together, and the writing of sections of jfnnifer literature review can commence.
A good dissertation adheres to these guidelines. Literature reviews are, then, important in: When students embark on a dissertation they are typically expected to undertake a literature review at an early stage in the development of their research. Why are e-government applications important, and what is their scope?
The exact form of Advanced search facilities vary between the search engines used to locate web resources and those used to search bibliographic databases. A briefsearch is literatire a good starting point, for further work. Often links through to related web pages will also be offered in the list of references. Another source that needs to be used intelligently is books.
Indeed, the concluding paragraphs of the literature review should lead seamlessly to research propositions and methodologies.
A literature review is a summary of a subject field that supports the identification of specific research questions. They may have successfully completed much of their undergraduate studies by relying on textbooks and lectures.
Clicking on one of these web resources will display the appropriate web page. This article draws on the extensive experience of the authors. A concept map is a picture of the territory under study, and represents the concepts in that area and the relationships between them.
Search engines can be used to search web resources and bibliographic databases.