NYIRAGONGO ERUPTION 2002 CASE STUDY A LEVEL

Evolution of the Nyiragongo magma. Goma airport cannot be relied upon for the delivery of humanitarian supplies in a future eruption as it may be covered by a lava flow. While the seismic situation appears to be stabilising, further eruptions are feared, possibly under the lake. Education of the public and expatriate staff on volcanic hazards is urgently needed. There was overwhelming evidence that, within a day or two, the only value of another plastic sheet or another cooking-pot was in its sale. Food security in the occupied Palestinian territory.

Scores of vehicles headed for Goma through a landscape shrouded in smoke carrying thousands of homeless Congolese seeking to assess the destruction in the lakeside port. A Rwandan volcanologist, who flew over Nyiragongo, said the pressure of the lava stream was falling and several flows from the mountain had now stopped. Bulletin of Volcanology 56, 47— The increasing population movements triggered by the severe impact from the volcanic eruption, lava flow smoke and heat plus the concerns caused by the recurring seismic tremors are generating a major humanitarian crisis. In particular, a huge school rebuilding programme generated budgets, employment and an explosion of small workshops making desks and chairs.

Use the resources and links that can be found on this page to produce a detailed case study of the eruption of Mount Nyiragongo. Lava was still flowing into Lake Kivu, but the flow had not expanded beyond the foot wide swath already cut through the city.

Two of the city’s four hospitals, three out of the 11 health centers and 80 out of Goma’s pharmacies were simply buried under two meters of lava.

We interviewed three hospital doctors, one of whom was a foreign surgeon attached to an NGO, who had continued working in Goma Hospital in the days during and after the eruption. The relatively small loss of life in the January eruption less than deaths in a population ofwas remarkable, and psychological stress was reportedly the main health consequence in the aftermath of the eruption.

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Volcanoes – Revision 3 – KS3 Geography – BBC Bitesize

Scores of vehicles headed for Goma through a landscape shrouded in smoke carrying thousands of homeless Congolese seeking to assess the destruction in the lakeside port. Lava continues to flow, although the rate of flow has slowed and much of the ash has cleared out of the air.

nyiragongo eruption 2002 case study a level

In a couple of weeks, the lava escaping from the new vent entirely covered P3 and lavas started to flow into the lava lake Fig.

The fires were clearly most intense in the main lava flow that struck the commercial centre.

The eruptive activity of Nyiragongo for the last years has been characterized by intracrateral activity, which was interrupted by two effusive nyiragingo eruptions, in and According to news reports, United Nations officials reported that 45 people had been killed by the eruption as of 18 January.

Chlorination stations were rapidly reintroduced by the lakeside, the main source of water to Goma.

Mount Nyiragongo 2002 eruption case study

Out of Goma’s population of approximatelypeople, an estimatedpeople fled east to Gisenyi and Ruhengeri in Rwanda, while approximatelymoved west towards Sake, Bukavu, and other locations within the Democratic Republic of the Congo DRC. It is a fundamental part of making a risk assessment and devising mitigation measures.

Dozens of tremors shook the earth early Monday morning in and around Goma. While there may be genuine and well-founded fears around cash aid, there is only one real conclusion to be drawn: The situation is changing rapidly, and the speed of this evolving disaster means that detailed information on the likely numbers involved remains unclear as the affected population continues to move towards Rwanda and other safe areas. Ambassador to Rwanda Margaret K.

Markets quickly reopened after the eruption, and supplies of vegetables and fruit were soon re-established.

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nyiragongo eruption 2002 case study a level

Baxter on the health aspects for WHO. Natural disasters are often human made disasters. There was overwhelming evidence that, within a day or two, the only value of another plastic sheet or another cooking-pot dase in its sale. Interviews were held with local officials, the staff of the city’s utilities, and workers for NGO’s and international agencies in Goma.

The main descriptive points in his report23 are as follows:. Nyiragongo m a.

The case for cash: Goma after the Nyiragongo eruption – ODI HPN

Many earthquakes around were felt on the 19 January, with 10 large ones, some of which caused at least two houses to collapse. The roads would be inadequate for large loads of traffic. Scientific risk assessment incorporating uncertainty.

The economic activity which the programme revived, based on carpenters and builders, sent a buzz through the whole town and demonstrated clearly what a difference the reintroduction of wages made to the economy. Other dangerous gases that needed to be excluded include methane, hydrogen sulphide and carbon monoxide.

In the most serious volcanic scenarios, there will be a need for the urgent evacuation of at least a large part of the population of Goma. The epidemiological surveillance programme showed a large increase in total attendances at the two hospitals and 18 functioning primary health care centres after the eruption Fig. In Januarythe opening of fissures lower down and directed towards Goma may reflect a new evolution for the volcano with eruptions caused by rifting.

Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 31, 17— The high carbon dioxide levels emitted at these sites were confirmed Fig.